Helping verbs are described as verbs that extend the meaning of the main verb in a phrase. They complete the structure of a phrase by adding information to the main verb. They can also help you understand how time is expressed in a sentence. In order to generate the complex progressive and perfect verb tenses, helping verbs are used.
Types of Helping verbs:
Auxiliary Verbs: Auxiliary verbs is a type of helping verb. They’re used with a primary verb to show the tense of the verb or to create a question or a negative. These auxiliary verbs provide context for the primary verb, such as telling the reader when the action happened.
Auxiliary Verbs add meaning to the sentence (emphasise something) where they are being used or Auxiliary verb is used to express tense.
Auxiliary verb examples: Should, Can, Do, Did, May, Could, Would
Exmples in sentences:
The auxiliary verb is bolded in the following statement, while the verb it helps is highlighted.
- She willgo school after breakfast finish.
The auxiliary verb will is telling us that the action of the main verb go is going to take place in the future – after breakfast finish. We get the following sentence if we remove the auxiliary verb “will”.
- She go school after breakfast finish.
Here in this example, for the action there is no definite time frame. The sentence suggests that going school after breakfast finish is just something the subject I generally does. Other examples:
- She is having new dress.
- He is making us fool.
- We are planning to switch college.
- We have been drinking for over two hours.
Modal verbs are helping verbs that modify the action or meaning of the main verb in a phrase. Modal verbs are used to express possibilities, abilities, obligations, and permissions.
Modal verb examples: Must, Can, May, Would, Should, and etc
For easy identification, the modal verb is bolded below.
- She cancook Chinese recipes easily.
The auxiliary verb can is expressing an ability, suggesting that cooking Chinese recipes is a skill the subject possesses.
Please keep in mind that the modal verbs should and must in the examples below indicate obligations, whereas would and may express possibilities.
- you shouldgo mall.
- She mustnot sign.
- John wouldnot recommend the place.
- Marry maybe late.