English grammar for students


English grammar for students

Beginning of Grammar:

English has a set of rules, and every rule must be followed if we want to, so it is grammatically right. The ‘correct way to speak or write English’ is sometimes referred to as grammar.

A lot of people were confused about what this so-called “grammar” was all about. But you should know that it does not focus on letters or anything like that; as such, it doesn’t exist (only in Greek mythology).

Grammar focuses entirely on sentence structure, especially the way words go together and which words occupy which positions among others! If you’re ever unsure of yourself regarding any written form of the English language, then simply look up some current works and see how published books and other online materials arrange their content. There’s always a pattern: This helps you understand how sentences ought to be structured, similar to reading a storybook, except now we’re focusing on large print.

Definition English Grammar:


English grammar is initially divided into four parts.

  1. Letters 
  • Vowels include A, E, I, O, and U
  • Consonant includes all the alphabets, excluding vowels.

2. Word

Letters or alphabets are combined to form a “word.” For instance, the “GIRL” word consists of four alphabets. It additionally consists of “Prefix” and “Suffix”, prefixes in the main, like the word “willing” If we added another word before the main word willing like un-willing, now “un” is a prefix. Now another word is added after “willing” like “willingly” now “ly” is a suffix.

3. Phrase

Phrases form by a combination of words and also a clear message not convey in Phrases for instance On the Road or In the Rain, both phrases consist of words, but in both examples, the message is not clear.

4. Sentences

The difference between Phrase and sentence is that the message is conveyed clearly in sentences for instance, “The Truck is on the road” and “The Girl is in the rain.” ” As we can see in the phrase, the message was not clear, but the sentence message was clear. One thing is very significant: a phrase can be part of a sentence, but the sentence cannot be part of a phrase. A sentence consists of two elements: “Subject” and the second one is “Predicate”.

Types of sentences:

a) Declarative sentence

b) Imperative sentence

c) Interrogative sentence

d) Negative sentence

e) Exclamatory sentence

f) Optative sentence

Declarative sentence:


Declarative sentences make statements, also called positive sentences, it has a subject and predicate, and usually provide information based on facts, it can include opinions or observations that always end with a period.

  1. Sunrises every morning. (Fact)
  2. The rabbit eats vegetables (Observation)


Imperative sentence:

Imperative are verbs that create an imperative sentence. A sentence that gives a direction or an order while reading an imperative sentence sounds like bossing someone around. To make an order you can use the word ” please” in the sentence.


a) Sit quietly in the room.

b) Don’t forget your books.

c) Be nice to your mother and father.

e) Go to the market and bring some fruits.


Interrogative sentence:

An interrogative sentence that expresses the sense of a question is called an interrogative sentence. It begins with an auxiliary verb/question word, it ends with a sign of interrogation “?”.



a) Are you ready to go?

b) What are you doing?


Yes – No Question

That question with only two answers: yes or no is called the Yes- No question.


Is he poor?

Will you marry me?

Can you do it?

Wh/How question.

That question that has more than two options (except yes or No) is called the WH/How question.


What is your name?

How are you?

When do you get up?


Negative sentence:

A negative sentence that notifies you that something is not so good, contains a negative word like “No” or “Not”. It is used to deny or oppose something.


The baby is not crying

There is no chocolate in the refrigerator.

There are different ways to form negative sentences.

Put “not” after different forms of the verb “be”


Huzaifa is a doctor.> Huzaifa is not a doctor

Zarrar was late to School > Zarrar was not late to School.

T form a negative sentence in the simple present and simple past, we add “do” not or “does not” and “did not” before the verb respectively.

A) I love bananas > I do not love bananas.

B) Jawed plays the guitar > Jawed does not play the guitar.

C) Hamid caught a Cobra > Hamid did not catch a Cobra.


If the verb is made up of two or more words, put “not” after the first word.

a) Jamshed is eating dinner > Jamshed is not eating dinner.

b) Kamran will go to sleep now > Kamran will not go to sleep now.


Exclamatory sentence:

An exclamatory sentence makes a statement that conveys a strong feeling, surprise, emotions, or excitement. This sentence exclamation mark, some time this sentence contains like, Hurrah!, Alas!, Oh!, Wow!, What!, Bravo!.


a) I had a wonderful day!

b) What a cute puppy!

c) How beautiful she is!

Optative sentence:

That sentence that expresses the sense of pray, wish, blessing, curse, etc is called an Optative sentence. It starts with “May” commonly, and it ends with a Note of exclamation!


a)May you be successful!

b)May you live long!

c)May you get a job soon!

Definition of alphabet in English grammar:


In the realm of English grammar, the alphabet takes center stage as the fundamental set of symbols used to construct written communication. It’s much more than just a catchy song! Understanding its definition and role within grammar paves the way for clear and effective written expression.

Defining the Alphabet:

Essentially, the alphabet is a systematic arrangement of letters representing the basic sounds of a language. In English grammar, we utilize the Latin alphabet, consisting of 26 letters: A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, X, Y, Z.

The Alphabet’s Grammatical Roles:

  • Building Blocks of Words: Individual letters serve as the building blocks, combining to form words. These words, in turn, become the bricks and mortar of sentences and paragraphs.

  • The foundation of Spelling: The established order and sound-letter relationships within the alphabet form the basis for spelling words accurately.

  • Capitalization and Punctuation: The alphabet interacts with other aspects of grammar like capitalization and punctuation. For instance, proper nouns begin with a capital letter, while punctuation marks like apostrophes and hyphens can modify letters within words.

  • Morphological and Phonological Analysis: Understanding the alphabet is crucial for analyzing the structure and pronunciation of words (morphology and phonology) within the framework of English grammar.

  • Alphabetical Order: The alphabet forms the backbone of alphabetical order, used for organizing dictionaries, indexes, and various lists.

Beyond the Basics:

It’s important to remember that the alphabet is not static. New words can be created by combining or modifying existing letters, like “email” and “website.” Additionally, alternative alphabets like braille exist for specific purposes.

The alphabet, though seemingly simple, holds immense power and significance in English grammar. It lays the foundation for written communication, shaping words, guiding spelling, and influencing other grammatical elements. By appreciating its definition and multifaceted roles, we can approach written language with greater clarity and understanding.

I hope this comprehensive explanation clarifies the alphabet’s definition and its intricate relationship with English grammar. Feel free to ask if you have any further questions!

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