English grammar for students

English grammar for students

 

English grammar for students

Beginning of Grammar:

English has a set of rules and every rule must follow if we want to so it is grammatically right. The ‘correct way to speak or write English’ is sometimes referred to as grammar.

A lot of people were confused about what this so-called “grammar” is actually all about. But you should know that it does not focus on letters or anything like that – as such doesn’t really exist (only in Greek Mythology).

Grammar focuses entirely on sentence structure, especially the way words go together, and which words occupy which position in relation to others! If you’re ever unsure of yourself regarding any written form of the English language, then simply look up some current works and see how published books and other online materials arrange their content. There’s always a pattern: This helps you understand how sentences ought to be structured similar to reading a storybook, except now we’re focusing on large print.

 

Definition English Grammar:

English grammar is initially divided into four parts.

  1. Letters 
  •  Vowel  Include A, E, I, O, U
  • Consonant includes All the Alphabets exclude Vowels.

2. Word

Letters or Alphabet combined to form a “Word” for instance, “GIRL” word consist of four alphabets. It additionally consists of “Prefix” and “Suffix”, prefixes in the main like the word “willing”  if we added another word before the main word willing like un-willing now “un” is prefix. Now another word added after “willing” like “willingly” now “ly” is a suffix.

3. Phrase

Phrases form by a combination of words and also a clear message not convey in Phrase for instance On the road or In the rain, both phrases consist of words, in both examples, the message is not clear.

4. Sentences

The difference between Phrase and Sentence, the message convey clearly in sentences for instance “The Truck is on the road” and “The Girl is in the rain”. as we can see in the phrase the message was not clear but the sentence message was clear. one thing is very significant phrase can be the part of the sentence but the sentence cannot be the part of a Phrase. sentence consists of two elements one is “Subject” and the second one is “Predicate”.

Types of Sentences:

a) Declarative sentence

b) Imperative sentence

c) Interrogative sentence

d) Negative sentence

e) Exclamatory sentence

f) Optative sentence

 

Declarative sentence:

Declarative sentences make statements, it is also called a positive sentence, it has a subject and predicate, and usually provided information is based on facts, it can include opinion or observation always end with a period.

  1. Sunrises every morning. (Fact)
  2. The rabbit eats vegetables (Observation)

 

Imperative sentence:

Imperative are verbs that create an imperative sentence. A sentence that gives a direction or an order while reading an imperative sentence sounds like bossing someone around. To make an order you can use the word ” please” in the sentence.

Examples:

a) Sit quietly in the room.

b) Don’t forget your books.

c) Be nice to your mother and father.

e) Go to the market and bring some fruits.

 

Interrogative sentence:

An interrogative sentence that expresses the sense of a question is called an interrogative sentence. It begins with an auxiliary verb/question word, it ends with a sign of interrogation “?”.

 

Examples:

a) Are you ready to go?

b) What are you doing?

 

Yes – No question

That question which only two answers: yes or no is called  Yes- No question.

Examples:

Is he poor?

Will you marry me?

Can you do it?

Wh/How question.

That question that has more than two options (except yes or No) is calling the WH/How question.

Examples:

What is your name?

How are you?

When do you get up?

 

Negative sentence:

A negative sentence that notifies you that something is not so good, contains a negative word like “No” or “Not”. It is used to deny or oppose something.

Examples:

The baby is not crying

There is no chocolate in the refrigerator.

There are different ways to form negative sentences.

Put “not” after different forms of the verb “be”

 

Huzaifa is a doctor.> Huzaifa is not a doctor

Zarrar was late to School > Zarrar was not late to School.

T form a negative sentence in the simple present and simple past, we add “do” not or “does not” and “did not” before the verb respectively.

A) I love bananas > I do not love bananas.

B) Jawed plays the guitar > Jawed does not play the guitar.

C) Hamid caught a Cobra > Hamid did not catch a Cobra.

 

If the Verb is made up of two or more words, put “not” after the first word.

a) Jamshed is eating dinner > Jamshed is not eating dinner.

b) Kamran will go to sleep now > Kamran will not go to sleep now.

 

Exclamatory sentence:

An exclamatory sentence makes a statement that conveys a strong feeling, surprise, emotions, or excitement. This sentence exclamation mark, some time this sentence contains like, Hurrah!, Alas!, Oh!, Wow!, What!, Bravo!.

 

a) I had a wonderful day!

b) What a cute puppy!

c) How beautiful she is!

 

Optative sentence:

That sentence that expresses the sense of pray, wish, blessing, curse, etc is called Optative sentence. It starts with “May” commonly, it ends with a Note of exclamation !.

examples:

a)May you get success!

b)May you live long!

c)May you get a job soon!

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