Reciprocal Pronoun definition

Reciprocal Pronoun definition

Reciprocal Pronoun definition:


Reciprocal Pronoun definition is used when subject and object or more do the same thing but mentioning or referring to the two-way relationship in the sentence, Each other, one another.

There are two reciprocal pronouns, both are of them allow you to form sentences easier. they’re especially useful once you got to express an equivalent general idea quite once. “Each Other” and “One another”.

Reciprocal pronouns are easy to practice, when you need to mention two people, you will usually use “Each Other”.

Meanwhile relating to more than two people, for example, the students in a lecture hall, you will normally use “One another”



  1. Huzaifa and Fahad are work with each other. (two-person).
  2. we try to help each other. (two-person).
  3. All succeeded students giving congratulations to one another. (more than two-person).
  4. I and my friends always sit in the class with one another. (more than two-person).
  5. The Boys are fighting one another.
  6. Gina and Mary are talking to each other.
  7. We give each other presents during the holidays



a) Reciprocal pronouns do not use in plural form.

b) Each other is always used for two persons.

c) One another is always used for more than two persons.

Pronoun Define

Reflexive pronoun

Reflexive Pronoun

Reflexive pronoun:

A reflexive pronoun is a type of pronoun that reflects the subject of a sentence. It is used when the subject of the sentence also acts on itself. Reflexive pronouns are formed by adding the suffix -self (singular) or -selves (plural) to certain personal pronouns. They help indicate that the subject is both the doer and the receiver of the action in a sentence. Examples of reflexive pronouns consist of

  • myself,
  • yourself,
  • himself,
  • herself,
  • itself,
  • ourselves,
  • yourselves,
  • themselves.

Reflexive pronouns are used to convey actions or states of being that involve self-reference or self-action.


Personal pronoun Reflexive Pronoun Examples
I  Myself I committed myself a thousand times.
He Himself He created the master panting by himself.
She Herself She has so many coins and has saved herself very carefully.
It Itself That LED screen can adjust the picture resolution itself.
   They       Themselves People in the jungle eat animals by themselves.
     You (Singular) Yourself      Are you ready to participate in the singing competition by yourself?
    You   (Plural) Yourselves It was good to see you at a party by yourselves.


Reflexive pronoun rules:

  1. Reflexive pronouns are used when the difficulty and item of a sentence refer to an equal individual or factorAs an instance:
  • She injured herself while playing volleyball.
  • They prepared themselves for the tournament.
  1. Reflexive pronouns can be used as the direct object of a verb when the action reflects on the subject. For example:
  • He cut himself while cutting an apple.
  • We enjoyed ourselves at the party.
  1. Reflexive pronouns are used after certain prepositions, including through, with, to, for, among, etc., when the action is accomplished using or relating to the issueAs an example:
  • She bought perfume for herself.
  • They talked among themselves.
  1. Reflexive pronouns are also used for emphasis, to emphasize the subject, or to add depth to the sentence. In such cases, the reflexive pronoun is not essential for the sentence’s grammatical shapefor example:
  • I made the decision myself.
  • The cat opened the cupboard all by itself.
  1. Reflexive pronouns should not be used when the action is not performed by the subject itself. For example, it would be incorrect to say:
  • She bought a gift for her.
  • He cut him while shaving.

These rules should help you understand and use reflexive pronouns correctly in English sentences.

Reflexive pronoun examples:

Basic Usage:

  • I woke up late and had to dress myself in a hurry.
  • You should always believe in yourself and your abilities.
  • He made himself a cup of coffee and sat down to read the news.
  • She blamed herself for the misunderstanding, even though it wasn’t her fault.
  • It curled itself up into a ball and went to sleep on the sunny windowsill.
  • We enjoyed ourselves at the party and danced until our feet hurt.
  • You all need to listen carefully and concentrate yourselves on the task at hand.
  • They built their treehouse themselves, using wood they collected from the forest.

Emphasis and Intensification:

  • I painted the entire room myself, from the ceiling to the floorboards.
  • She learned to play the guitar by herself, without taking any lessons.
  • He cooked the entire Thanksgiving dinner himself, surprising his entire family.
  • We made it to the summit ourselves, despite the challenging climb.
  • You can overcome any obstacle if you just put your mind to it and try your best.

Reflexive Verbs and Idioms:

  • He bragged himself up to the new employees, exaggerating his accomplishments.
  • She prided herself on her punctuality, and she always arrived on time.
  • They dug themselves into a hole with their careless spending habits.
  • We need to pull ourselves together and focus on finding a solution.
  • Don’t let yourself get discouraged by temporary setbacks.

Compound and Possessive Forms:

  • We helped ourselves to another slice of cake; it was too delicious to resist.
  • You should treat yourselves to a nice vacation after all that hard work.
  • He kept his true feelings to himself and didn’t share them with anyone else.
  • She gathered her things for herself and prepared to leave without saying goodbye.
  • They envied each other’s success, which created tension in their friendship.

Figurative Language and Special Cases:

  • The door opened by itself, sending chills down everyone’s spines.
  • Laughter echoed through the empty room as if someone were talking to themselves.
  • Time stands still for no one, so make the most of every moment.
  • History repeats itself, so we should learn from the mistakes of the past.
  • Be true to yourself and stay authentic, regardless of what others think.

Bonus Examples:

  • My cat likes to chase its tail and pretend it’s dangerous prey.
  • The computer automatically shuts itself down after a period of inactivity.
  • We should always strive to improve ourselves and become better versions of who we are.
  • The world is full of beauty waiting to be discovered, but only if we open ourselves up to it.
  • Don’t compare yourself to others; everyone is on their unique journey.
  • Sometimes, the best way to learn is to teach yourself and explore independently.
  • Embrace your individuality and express yourself freely, without holding back.
  • Treat others with the same respect and kindness that you would expect from yourself.
  • Remember, you are capable of achieving anything you set your mind to; believe in yourself!
  • Live your life to the fullest and make the most of every opportunity that comes your way.
  • Never stop learning and growing; keep challenging yourself and expanding your horizons.
  • Be grateful for all the blessings in your life, big and small, and appreciate the journey itself.

I hope these examples provide you with a good understanding of how reflexive pronouns are used in various contexts!

Pronoun Define

Indefinite pronouns

Indefinite pronouns

Indefinite pronouns:

Indefinite pronouns do not identify particular people or objects, in contrast to their definite counterparts. Rather, they behave more like enigmatic partygoers, cloaked in uncertainty. Consider the words “someone,” “anything,” and “everything”; they imply possibilities and allude to unspecified amounts or unnamed people. These linguistic chameleons might be positive (“someone will help”) or negative (“nobody knows”), singular (“everyone is happy”) or plural (“some have doubts”). They give our words more flow and mystery, keeping the reader guessing and the meaning undefined. Thus, keep in mind that when you come across an indefinite pronoun, it’s not just about the unknown; it’s also about the possibility of surprise and an almost limitless range of options.

Indefinite pronouns, those enigmatic characters in the grammatical world, give our writing a mysterious, flexible quality by allocating certain persons, objects, or numbers to them. But to use them properly, you have to know their special laws and regulations. Let’s investigate these linguistic chameleons’ mysteries.

Singular or Plural:

Counting them is probably the most important rule. Certain indefinite pronouns (“anyone,” “each,” “nobody”) are always singular, but depending on the situation, other indefinite pronouns can be either. The terms “some” and “any,” for instance, can be used as single or plural (e.g., “Some milk is left”) (“Some people were late”). Be aware of their context: they are plural if they indicate a plural group (“many students are excited”), but they are single if they refer to a solitary noun (“everyone loves ice cream”).

Subject vs. Object: 

Similar to their definite equivalents, indefinite pronouns can have various functions inside a phrase. They need single verbs (“Everything is beautiful”) as subjects. They assume their proper position as objects (“I saw someone interesting”). Recall that the verb (“everyone enjoys their hobbies,” not “Everyone enjoys their hobby”) must agree with the number of the pronoun, not the noun it may imply.


Use singular pronouns to refer back to indefinite pronouns (“Someone left their phone).” It is situated on the table. On the other hand, you might want to use plural pronouns (“Everyone shared their thoughts”) if the indefinite pronoun refers to a mixed-gender group. The solutions offered were either gender-neutral (“everyone brought their dish”) or diverse and perceptive. It was a very tasty potluck.

Not specific pronouns often convey a negative meaning. “Nobody came,” for example, suggests total nonexistence. “Nobody didn’t answer” is a double negative that should be avoided. Rather, capitalize on the negative connotations that come with pronouns like “nobody,” “no one,” or “nothing.”

Exploring Special Cases:

Some indefinite pronouns have unique quirks. “Either” and “neither” typically require singular verbs and singular pronouns (“Either of them is welcome. They should bring a dish.”). “Both” can be singular or plural depending on the context (“Both teams won their games” vs. “Both shoes were muddy”).

The Power of Indefinite Pronouns:

Indefinite pronouns offer a powerful tool to add nuance and possibility to your writing. By understanding the rules and conditions, you can harness their ambiguity to create suspense, highlight unknown quantities, or keep your reader guessing. So, step into the shadows with confidence, and let these linguistic mysteries elevate your writing to new heights.

Some of the conditions are:

1). Do not introduce a clause.

2). Words ending one or the other are used for people.

3) Words ending in – thing are used for things.

  1. One
  2. Everyone
  3. Everybody
  4. Others
  5. Each
  6. Some
  7. Someone

Singular and Plural forms of  Indefinite Pronoun

Singular  Plural Both singular and plural
Any Body Others Some
Each Both None
Nobody Many Such
Everyone Few Any
Little Several More
Everything All


Indefinite pronoun examples:

  1. Each athlete is trying to beat his competitor’s team.
  2. Everyone is happy on convocation day.
  3. Everything is ready according to strategy.
  4. Has anyone a guitar for today’s party?
  5. Both are willing to participate in the competition.
  6. Many children are not going to school picnics.
  7. Several employees are absent today.
  8. Some people are not interested in government policies, / some are good.
  9. None of them are ready to go to today’s party/None is coming on my birthday.
  10. All students passed with remarkable marks. All information is incorrect.


Adjective Define


Relative Pronoun and relative clauses

Relative Pronoun and relative clauses

Relative Pronoun and relative clauses:

Although they are often shrouded in grammatical enigma, relative pronouns, and clauses can be useful tools for adding precision and detail to your writing. But fear not, intrepid wordsmiths! This guide will help you unravel their secrets and equip you to use them confidently.

  • Relative pronouns: These are words like who, whom, which, that, and whose that connect clauses. They act like bridges, linking new information to a previously mentioned noun or pronoun (called the antecedent).
  • Relative clauses: These are dependent clauses, meaning they cannot stand alone and rely on the main clause for meaning. They are introduced by relative pronouns and add details about the antecedent.

Types of relative clauses:

  1. Restrictive clauses: These are essential for identifying the specific noun or pronoun they modify. They are not set off by commas.

    • Example: The book that I borrowed from you is fascinating. (Identifies which specific book)
  2. Non-restrictive clauses: These provide additional, non-essential information about the noun or pronoun. They are set off by commas.

    • Example: My grandmother, who lived in Italy for many years, made the best pasta sauce. (Provides extra detail about the grandmother.)

Choosing the right relative pronoun:

  • Who/whom: Use for people (who as subject, whom as object).
  • Which/that: Use for things and animals (which is more formal).
  • Whose: Use for possession (for both people and things).


  • The relative pronoun takes on the grammatical function (subject, object, etc.) within its clause.
  • You can sometimes omit the relative pronoun if it’s the object of the clause (e.g., the book I borrowed).

Pro tips:

  • Use variety in your relative clauses to avoid monotony.
  • Be mindful of comma placement to avoid confusion.
  • Proofread carefully to ensure your clauses are grammatically sound.

By understanding relative pronouns and clauses, you can:

  • Add clarity and precision to your writing.
  • Create more engaging and informative sentences.
  • Vary your sentence structure for better flow.

So, step out of the grammatical maze and embrace the power of relative pronouns! With practice and this handy guide, you’ll be using them like a pro in no time.


Relative Pronoun     uses Examples
Who  It presents for people  Meet my friend Jack, who passed the exams with an “A” grade.
Which It presents for Subject and objects Smoking is not a good habit that can ruin your life.
Whom It presents people when the person is the object of the verb This is the boy with whom my cousin is going to be engaged.
Whose It presents possession of things or people, especially for asking questions Whose books are these?.


Do you know whose pen is on the rack?

That It presents people, animals, and things. He is a very poor man who is begging on the roadside.
Where It presents Places That is the house where we lived ten years ago.
What It presents things, is used asks questions, and is also used for exclamation. Today was a fantastic day.


What kind of drinks do you like?


Pronoun Define






what are the interrogative pronouns?

what are the interrogative pronouns?


What are the interrogative pronouns:


Interrogative pronouns are used to ask questions. What, which, who, whom, and whose are the principal interrogative pronouns. For example, who won the race yesterday? ‘Who’ is used for persons. To whom did you give the bill? Who is used for persons Whose is this? Whose is used for persons to show possession. What is the reply to the last algebra problem? What is used for animals and things? Which do you prefer? Which is used for persons, animals, and things. Whoever, whomever, whichever, and whatever can also be an interrogative pronoun. The interrogative pronouns with ‘-ever’ are used for emphasis or to show surprise. However, they are quite rare. For example: Whoever doesn’t love us some free time? Another example: Whatever is that? Sentences, including interrogative pronouns, are always questions, so they always end with a question mark.

Examples of interrogative pronouns:

  1. Incorrect: He whom did you see at the store?
  2. Correct: Whom did you see at the store? (Use “who” for the subject of the verb)
  3. Correct: What’s your favorite hobby? Incorrect: What is you favorite hobby? (Contractions like “what’s” are allowed)
  4. Correct: Which movie do you recommend? Incorrect: Which movie you recommend? (The pronoun comes before the verb)
  5. Incorrect: Whose’s phone is that? Correct: Whose phone is that? (There’s no possessive apostrophe with pronouns)
  6. Correct: Who wants dessert? Incorrect: Whom wants dessert? (“Who” for the subject, even with prepositions)
  7. Correct: What time does the flight leave? Incorrect: What time do the flight leave? (Treat the singular “flight” as the subject)
  8. Incorrect: I wonder who he loves more, me or her? Correct: I wonder who he loves more, me or her? (Repeated for clarity)
  9. Correct: Which restaurant should we try tonight? Incorrect: Which restaurant we should try tonight? (The pronoun needs to introduce the clause)
  10. Incorrect: Whose bookshelves are these piled so high? Correct: Whose bookshelves are these piled so high? (No need for an extra “are” before the pronoun)
  11. Correct: Whom can I thank for this beautiful gift? Incorrect: Who can I thank for this beautiful gift? (Formal context uses “whom”)

Bonus Examples:

  1. Correct: What were you thinking when you said that? Incorrect: What you were thinking when you said that? (Clause order)
  2. Correct: Which shirt fits you better, the blue one or the green one? Incorrect: Which shirt you fit better, the blue one or the green one? (Agreement with subject)
  3. Correct: Whose suitcase is packed and ready to go? Incorrect: Who’s suitcase is packed and ready to go? (Contractions okay for possessives)
  4. Correct: What can I do to help you? Incorrect: What I can do to help you? (No unnecessary subject before the verb)
  5. Correct: Which way is the library? Incorrect: Which way the library is? (Adverbial phrase follows pronoun)

Remember, interrogative pronouns introduce questions and should agree with the verb tenses and singular/plural subjects in the sentence. I hope these examples help you differentiate between correct and incorrect usage!

Distributive Pronoun

Distributive Pronoun

Distributive Pronoun

Pronouns that refer to group members singularly or one at a time are known as distributive pronouns. It highlights the distribution or division of things or people within a group. Distributive pronouns are used to avoid repetition when talking about each individual member of a group separately. They are often accompanied by singular verbs. In English, the distributive pronouns are each, either, and neither.

Distributive pronouns Rules:


  • Each is used when referring to every individual in a group separately. It emphasizes the individuality of each member.
  • It is usually followed by a singular noun and takes a singular verb.
  • Example: Each student is responsible for their own work.


  • When presenting a choice between two options or people, either is used.
  • It takes a singular verb and will be used with singular or plural nouns.
  • Example: You can pick either book off the shelf.


  • Neither is used to indicate the exclusion of both options or individuals when presenting a negative choice.
  • It is followed by a singular noun and takes a singular verb.
  • Example: Neither candidate was qualified for the position.


  • Agreement with verbs:
    1. When a distributive pronoun is the subject of a sentence, the verb that follows should agree with the distributive pronoun.
    2. Example: Each of the students is studying for the exam.
  • Agreement with possessive pronouns:
    1. The possessive pronoun should agree with the noun it refers to when used with a distributive pronoun.
    2. Example: Each of the boys brought his own lunch.
  • Agreement with reflexive pronouns:
    1. When using a reflexive pronoun with a distributive pronoun, the reflexive pronoun should agree with the noun it refers to.
    2. Example: Either of the girls can dress herself.

These rules should help you understand and use distributive pronouns correctly in English sentences, allowing you to convey choices, exclusions, and individuality within a group.

Distributive Pronoun Examples: 

  1. I may buy either of these three novels.
  2. Neither of the statement given by them is correct.
  3. None of our colleagues went to the exhibition.
  4. Either of them can bring cold drinks for me.
  5. Each of the mothers should take care of their infant children.
  6. Each of the students received a certificate.
  7. Either of the options are suitable for me.
  8. Neither of the management’s books is available at the library.
  9. Each student should bring their own supplies.
  10. Either cake would make a delicious dessert.
  11. Neither candidate has the required experience.
  12. Each person has their own unique perspective.
  13. Either of the roads will lead you to the destination.
  14. Neither of the participants knows the answer to the question.
  15. Each employee is responsible for their own workspace.
  16. Either decision requires careful consideration.
  17. Neither dog was able to find its way home.
  18. Each contestant must follow the rules of the quiz competition.
  19. Either solution will solve the problem.
  20. Neither of the cars was parked in the correct spot.
  21. Each child received a gift at the party.
  22. Either route will take you to the mid of the city.
  23. Neither of the possibility seems appealing to me.
  24. Each of the flowers bloomed beautifully.
  25. Either team has a chance to win the volleyball match.

Pronoun Define

demonstrative pronoun examples

demonstrative pronoun examples

Define demonstrative pronoun:

A demonstrative pronoun is a sort of pronoun that is used to refer to certain individuals, things, or concepts. They are used to indicate the proximity or distance of the referent from the speaker or the listener. Demonstrative pronouns in English include this, that, these, and those.

When referring to a singular noun or a thought that is near the speaker, the pronoun “This” is employed. As in, “This book is mine.” It denotes a temporal or spatial object that is close to the speaker.

When referring to a singular noun or an idea that is further distant from the speaker, the pronoun “that” is employed. An example might be, “That house is beautiful.” It denotes something farther out in time or space.

The pronoun “these” is used to refer to plural nouns or ideas that are close to the speaker. For example, “These cookies are delicious.” It indicates multiple items or ideas nearby.

When referring to concepts or plural nouns that are further removed from the speaker, the pronoun “those” is employed. A good example would be “Those cars are expensive.” It suggests a number of farther-off things or concepts.

Demonstrative pronouns help to clarify the specific objects or ideas being referred to and provide context for the conversation or text. They play an essential role in effective communication by pointing out and distinguishing particular entities in relation to the speaker’s perspective.


This These That Those:

There are four demonstrative pronouns of singular/Plural.

Singular Plural
This These
That Those


this is possible in the introduction.

a) this is my brother John.

b) that is my parrot.

On telephone call.

Hello,’ this is David here.

I am is insignificantly more formal than This is and is more likely to be used when the caller is a stranger to the other person.

  • Proximity: Demonstrative pronouns indicate the proximity or distance of the noun they replace. This and these refer to such things that are close to the speaker for example, while that and those refer to things that are farther away.
  • Example: This is my book. (The book is close to the speaker.)
  • Singular vs. Plural: This and that are used with singular nouns, while these and those are used with plural nouns.
  • Example: That is my car. (Referring to a singular car.) Those are my books. (Referring to multiple books.)
  • Specificity: Demonstrative pronouns point to specific entities, emphasizing a particular object or idea.
  • Example: This is the solution to the problem. (Emphasizing a specific solution.)
  • Agreement: Demonstrative pronouns should agree in number with the noun they replace.
  • Example: This is my pen. (Singular noun, singular pronoun.) These are my pens. (Plural noun, plural pronoun.)
  • Antecedent: The noun being replaced by the demonstrative pronoun is called the antecedent. The pronoun should be used in place of the antecedent to avoid repetition.
  • Example: John has two cars. This one is his favorite. (Using this to refer back to the car.)
  • Remember that demonstrative pronouns help indicate the location, number, and specificity of the noun being referred to, allowing for clearer and more concise communication.

Demonstrative pronoun examples:


  1. This is My home.
  2. This Table is broken.
  3. That is My Bicycle.
  4. No, that is not mine.
  5. Meet these friends.
  6. Those birds are flying from the North.
  7. These are old classrooms.
  1. This is my pen.
  2. That is your car.
  3. These are my books.
  4. Those are your shoes.
  5. This is delicious!
  6. That is interesting.
  7. These are my friends.
  8. Those are your keys.
  9. This is my house.
  10. That is your cat.
  11. These are my parents.
  12. Those are your glasses.
  13. This is my laptop.
  14. That is your backpack.
  15. These are my clothes.
  16. Those are your headphones.
  17. This is my phone.
  18. That is your hat.
  19. These are my classmates.
  20. Those are your gloves.
  21. This is my wallet.
  22. That is your bicycle.
  23. These are my colleagues.
  24. Those are your socks.
  25. This is my cup.


Pronoun Define

personal pronouns examples

personal pronouns & examples

Personal pronouns examples:

Personal pronouns, those unsung heroes of language, quietly hold the power to streamline and clarify your writing. But choosing the right one can be trickier than it seems! Fear not, word warriors, because this article equips you with examples to conquer the world of personal pronouns.

The personal pronoun has three groups:

Let’s start with the core players: me, you, and they. These pronouns represent the speaker (you!), the listener (me!), and anyone else involved (them!). Simple enough, right? But wait, there’s more!

first-person-speaking person. I.Me

second-person: The person has spoken to. You (singular and plural forms both)

Third Person: He, She, It (Singular), They, Them (Plural)

  • Singular vs. plural: Be mindful of numbers! “I” and “you” are singular, referring to one person each, while “we” and “they” are plural, representing multiple individuals.“I” always starts with a capital.
  • Formal vs. Informal: “You” can be formal (“May I help you?”) or informal (“Hey you, what’s up?”). Choose wisely, depending on the context.
Subject  Object
First-person Singular I Me
Second-person singular You You
Third Person Singular He Him
She Her
It It


a) My friend Akram, is a very good rider.

b) Meet my teacher, she is a very kind, nice lady.

c) My father loves searching and likes to go with his friends.

d) My buddies are very passionate about going on vacation, and I love to go with them as well.


Possessive Pronouns

Beyond the basic pronouns, we have their possessive counterparts, claiming ownership: mine, yours, and theirs. These handy words eliminate the need for repetitive phrases: instead of “The book is mine,” use “It’s my book.”

Object Pronouns: 

When pronouns become the object of a sentence, they transform: “He gave it to me” (not “to I”). Remember: “me,” “him,” “her,” “us,” and “them” are used as objects, not subjects.

Reflexive Pronouns: 

These pronouns refer back to the subject, emphasizing actions: “I brushed myself off.” “Myself,” “herself,” “themselves,” and so on, create a sense of self-directed action.


Now, let’s see the pronouns in action!

  • Formal: “We believe your proposal is impressive.” (Subject + possessive + object)
  • Informal: “Hey, grab your coat. Let’s go!” (Object + possessive + subject)
  • Reflexive: “He built himself a new desk.” (Subject + reflexive)

Choosing the right pronoun depends on context, formality, and grammatical role.

With a little practice, you’ll be wielding pronouns like a pro, crafting clear, concise, and engaging writing. So, step into the spotlight and unleash the power of personal pronouns.



a) She sent flowers to her relative.

b) who won the cricket match yesterday.

c) Whose automobile was washed?

d) What is the reason he changed the institution?

e) To whom has Sara given the books?

It shows gender, masculine, feminine, and neutral gender. He, She, I,

You, it, we, and they are called personal pronouns, they are used as substitutes for proper nouns.


Personal pronouns list:

Subject Pronoun Singular Plural
I We
You You
He, She, It They
Object Pronoun Me Us
You You
Him.Her, It Them


Pronoun Define

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